Error: Read-only file system on Linux

Today I found that there is a strange situation, in certain mount point on my web server (Debian GNU/Linux 7.8), every process with write behavior will get message like this:

touch: cannot touch `test’: Read-only file system

I don’t think I mount it as read-only, so I check it:
$ mount | grep srv
And I got:

/dev/sdb1 on /srv type ext4 (ro,relatime,data=ordered)

Very strange … there was something wrong, could I remount it with r/w? I tried:
$ sudo mount -o remount,rw,relatime,data=ordered /srv
Hmmmm …

mount: cannot remount block device /dev/sdb1 read-write, is write-protected

Okay, seems I need to check the filesystem …
$ sudo umount /srv
$ sudo fsck.ext4 /dev/sdb1

The process didn’t take long time, just within 3 mins, and that’s the result:

e2fsck 1.42.5 (29-Jul-2012)
/dev/sdb1: recovering journal
/dev/sdb1 contains a file system with errors, check forced.
Pass 1: Checking inodes, blocks, and sizes
Pass 2: Checking directory structure
Pass 3: Checking directory connectivity
Pass 4: Checking reference counts
Pass 5: Checking group summary information
/dev/sdb1: 796453/122077184 files (3.8% non-contiguous), 321192367/488281498 blocks

Let’s mount it again:
$ sudo mount -o rw,relatime,data=ordered /srv
Oh, I didn’t get any error message this time, let’s check it again:
$ mount | grep srv
And …

/dev/sdb1 on /srv type ext4 (rw,relatime,data=ordered)

Okay, nice … very easy this time, I’ve got some disks with destroyed partition before, event I can’t not recognize its partition type, though I fixed it, but I didn’t record the process that time, ha.

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