How to install ruby gem packages without Internet?

git_stats is a good tool to analyze the statistics of a git repo, there is an issue tomgi/git_stats#45 How to Install Offline in that project, I think this is a good question, sometimes the speed or quality of Internet is not so fast and stable, or we want to install a gem package on a server that can only access internal network only, so I tried to figure it out, that’s the solution:

Milly/gem-fetch-dependencies is a ruby script posted on gist, it can help us fetch gem packages with the dependency, we can’t just fetch the package we want to use via gem fetch , because it doesn’t handle the dependency issue, that’s why we need this script, download the script(raw) first:

https://gist.github.com/Milly/909564/raw/c3c921e78b6736197558ee44efb84a495f4c1505/gem-fetch-dependencies

and we can easily fetch the gem packages with dependencies with this script like this:
$ ruby gem-fetch-dependencies fetch --dependencies

Once we fetched all the packages, you copy them to everywhere you want, and install them locally:
$ gem install -f --local *.gem

How to find reverse dependency on Debian/Ubuntu based GNU/Linux?

List all the reverse depends of certain package:

$ apt-cache rdepends pkg_name

For example:

$ apt-cache rdepends vde2

And you’ll get result like this:

vde2
Reverse Depends:
virtualbox
qemu-system-x86
qemu-system-sparc
qemu-system-ppc
qemu-system-misc
qemu-system-mips
qemu-system-arm
user-mode-linux
virtualbricks
virtualbox
vdetelweb
libvde-dev
libvde-dev
user-mode-linux
qemu-kvm
qemu-system
liblwipv6-2

More details via $ apt-cache showpkg pkg_name

Package: vde2
Versions:
2.3.2-4 (/var/lib/apt/lists/opensource.nchc.org.tw_debian_dists_wheezy_main_binary-amd64_Packages) (/var/lib/dpkg/status)
Description Language:
File: /var/lib/apt/lists/opensource.nchc.org.tw_debian_dists_wheezy_main_binary-amd64_Packages
MD5: c1d59c710a94c274459c01b82f926c5a
Description Language: en
File: /var/lib/apt/lists/opensource.nchc.org.tw_debian_dists_wheezy_main_i18n_Translation-en
MD5: c1d59c710a94c274459c01b82f926c5a

Reverse Depends:
virtualbox,vde2
qemu-system-x86,vde2
qemu-system-sparc,vde2
qemu-system-ppc,vde2
qemu-system-misc,vde2
qemu-system-mips,vde2
qemu-system-arm,vde2
user-mode-linux,vde2
virtualbricks,vde2
virtualbox,vde2
vdetelweb,vde2
libvde-dev,vde2 2.3.2-1
libvde-dev,vde2 2.3.2-1
user-mode-linux,vde2
qemu-kvm,vde2
qemu-system,vde2
liblwipv6-2,vde2
Dependencies:
2.3.2-4 – adduser (0 (null)) libc6 (2 2.7) libpcap0.8 (2 0.9.8) libvde0 (0 (null)) libvdeplug2 (0 (null)) vde2-cryptcab (0 (null)) qemu-kvm (0 (null)) qemu (0 (null)) vde (0 (null))
Provides:
2.3.2-4 –
Reverse Provides:

If we only want to know the installed dependencies, ask aptitude:

$ aptitude why vde2

It’ll tell us:

i qemu Depends qemu-system (>= 1.1.2+dfsg-6a+deb7u6)
i A qemu-system Recommends vde2

What about recursive depends? Try $ apt-rdepends --reverse pkg_name !
(Install via apt-get install apt-rdepends)

PS: reverse-depends has similar feature, but it’s in ubuntu-dev-tools, which depends on toooooo many packages, so I’ll not suggest you to use it for just finding the dependencies.